Design and simulation of an Optimal Mini-Grid Solar-Diesel Hybrid Power Generation system in a remote Bangladesh

  • Sk. Suzauddin Yusuf Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bangladesh Army University of Science and Technology
  • Nirendra Nath Mustafi


To relief the earth from extracting of her all the conventional energy and to keep her safe for our upcoming successor, the focus of power sector must be pointed to the utilization and development of renewable energy technology.  As alternative energy sources, wind and solar energies can be used to supplement the conventional energy sources predominantly in remote localities of Bangladesh. This paper presents a feasibility study of renewable resources of Kutubdia which is an off-grid remote island. Purpose of this paper is to design and simulation of an optimal mini-grid Solar-Diesel hybrid power generation system in a remote Bangladesh to satisfy the electrical energy demands in a reliable manner by HOMER ENERGY software. To ensure uninterrupted power supply due to the remittent nature of renewable resources, a diesel generator is added. This paper analyzes the optimal size of photovoltaic (PV) panel, inverter, rectifier, and battery with a fixed capacity diesel generator, electrical load with a certain random variability, fraction of renewable electricity, excess electricity, net present cost (NPC), annualized cost, fuel summary, performance of its different components, and environmental impacts. Evaluation of results shows that the hybrid energy system can deliver energy in a remote off-grid location with an acceptable cost.


1. Power System Master Plan 2016 Final Report. Available online: sites/default/files/files/ (Reports)
2. Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB). Annual Report 2015–2016, BPDB, Dhaka. Available online: report/ANNUAL_ REPORT _2015- 2016. PDF. (Reports)
3. Renewable Energy Policy of Bangladesh, Power Division, Ministry of Power Energy and Mineral Resources, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. 18 December 2008. Available online: (accessed on 23 December 2017).
4. Rajesh Kumar, R.A.Gupta, Ajay Kumar Bansal, Economic analysis and power management of a stand-alone wind/photovoltaic hybrid energy system using biogeography based Optimization algorithm, Swarm and Evolutionary Computation 8(2013) 33–43. (Article)
5. Sanjoy Kumar Nandi, Mohammad Nasirul Hoque, Himangshu Ranjan Ghosh, Swapan Kumar Roy, Potential of Wind and Solar Electricity Generation in Bangladesh, International Scholarly Research Network ISRN Renewable Energy, Volume 2012, Article ID 401761. (Article)
6. World Bank. Lighting Up Rural Communities in Bangladesh. January 2015. Available online: communities-in-bangladesh. (accessed on 22 December 2017)
7. M. Prashanth Reddy, M. Vijay Rao, B. Sreedhar Reddy, Grid Connected PV-FC Hybrid System and its Power Management, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERING STUDIES, Volume I/Issue 2/DEC 2013. (Article)
8. Hybrid renewable energy system. Available online: Hybrid _renewable_energy_system/. (last accessed on 23/12/2017)
9. HOMER ENERGY. Available online: accessed on 26/12/2017)
10. Mini Grids. Available online: on 26 December 2017)
11. Kutubdia Upazila, BANGLAPEDIA. Available online: index. php?title=Kutubdia_Upazila. (accessed on 26 December 2017)
12. Kutubdia Upazila, WIKIPEDIA. Available online: wiki/Kutubdia _Upazila. (accessed on 26 December 2017)
13. Md. Tanjil Sarker, Md. Anisur Rahman, Prf. Dr. Zahid Hasan Mahmud, Electricity Demand Load Forecasting for a Remote Area of Bangladesh, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 8, Issue 1, January-2017 265-277. (Article)
14. Wind turbine system. Available online: on 21 December 2017)
How to Cite
YUSUF, Sk. Suzauddin; MUSTAFI, Nirendra Nath. Design and simulation of an Optimal Mini-Grid Solar-Diesel Hybrid Power Generation system in a remote Bangladesh. International Journal of Smart Grids, ijSmartGrid, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, March, p. 27-33, mar. 2018. ISSN 2602-439X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 apr. 2018.